Evolution of Modern Humans:?Neandertals
Profile of the well-known late archaic humans, the Neandertals. Learn about important Neandertal sites in Europe and Southwest Asia, the differences in their anatomy from modern humans, and various theories on why they died out.
NOVA: Neanderthals on Trial
Probe the enigma of our Neanderthal cousins and the roots of our own ancestry. Includes an explanation of how scientists explore humankind's past with mitochondrial DNA.
Smithsonian Magazine article looking into the why these people who fashioned tools, buried their dead, and maybe cared for the sick and even conversed died out.